Whether you do yoga or not, but you probably might have heard about Surya namaskar with mantra.
Surya Namaskar is the basic warm-up, it needs to be done before Yoga. But it is not just a warm exercise, Surya Namaskar, itself is a complete workout.
But is it something new?
No, it is an ancient technique.
Many years back, people acknowledged the fact that the sun sustains life on earth, and to appreciate its motion they used to perform Surya Namaskar.
Sun salutation is a sequence of yoga asanas(poses) that originated as a series of prostrations to the sun It involves twelve yoga asana or posture, signifying the cycle of the sun which is also approximately twelve years.
Surya Namaskar is also known as ‘Sun Salutation’. As I said it is an ancient technique of expressing gratitude to the sun, a source to all forms of life on the planet. Therefore, we can say Surya Namaskar is a form of worship to the Sun God, Surya.
The Rig Veda says that “ Sun is the soul, both of the moving and unmoving beings”
Surya Namaskar With Mantra
Mantras can also be chanted during Surya Namaskar. These chants bring harmony in our body and mind.
The mantras are connected to Hindu mythology that people chant to enhance their spiritual level. It is believed that these mantras remove negativity.
How to chant mantras: The mantras can be chanted either verbally or in mind. The important thing is to chant them with gratitude. The breathing should be normal but the pronunciation should be correct.
Benefits of Mantras: Chanting mantras make Sun Salutation more powerful. It has a positive effect on both, body and mind, the mind stays focused rather than being uncomfortable. In short, the mantras unite the mind and body.
When to do Surya Namaskar with mantra: Sun salutation can be done at any time of the day. But it is best to do at sunrise as at that time it helps revitalize the body and refresh the mind. Doing at different times has a different effect on the body. If it is done in the morning, it energizes the body instantly whereas, at dusk, it helps to unwind.
Pace: Sun Salutation can be done at three paces. At a slow pace, it helps to make the body flexible. At the medium pace, it helps in toning muscle. At a high pace, it helps in weight loss.
Benefits of Surya Namaskar
- Surya namaskar improves blood circulation.
- It prevents hair loss and helps in healthy hair growth. It also helps in preventing grey hair.
- Due to improved blood circulation, the skin stays young, prevent wrinkles, and remove stress.
- It is also very effective to fight against diseases. In short, it helps in keeping the body disease-free and healthy.
- Surya namaskar also strengthens the heart.
- It makes the person calmer and boost energy levels.
- Surya Namaskar with mantra regulates the interconnectedness of body, breath, and mind.
- It tones the neck, spine, arms, hands, wrist, back, and promote the overall flexibility.
- Sun Salutation is an intensive physical exercise that works on every part of the body and helps to lose excess fat.
- It boosts the body’s overall health and also helps in digestion.
- It also helps in the detoxifying body by getting rid of carbon dioxide and toxic gases.
- For women, it helps in promoting the regular menstrual cycle.
- Sun Salutation improves the sleeping pattern and also cures insomnia.
- The regular practice of Surya Namaskar helps in controlling the blood sugar level.
- It benefits every part of the body and helps in physical as well as mental-emotional purification.
Who should not do Surya Namaskar?
- Pregnant women should not perform Sun Salutation after the first trimester.
- Women should avoid asana during their menstrual cycle.
- Patients of hernia and high blood pressure should seek the advice of the doctor before performing the yoga.
- People suffering from back pain should also avoid asanas.
The 12 Asana of Surya Namaskar with Mantras
1. Pranamasana (Prayer Pose)
Mantra: Om Mitraaya Namahaa
Meaning: one who is friendly to all
How to do: Stand at the edge of your mat, keep your feet together, and balance your weight equally on both the feet. Expand your chest and relax your shoulders. As you breathe in, lift both arms from the sides, and as you exhale, bring your palms together in front of the chest in prayer position.
Benefit: Helps in maintaining the balance of the body and also relaxes the nervous system.
2. Hastauttanasana (Raised arm Pose)
Mantra: Om Ravage Namaha
Meaning: the shining or radiant one
How to do: Inhale and lift the both arms up and back, keeping the biceps close to the ears, stretch the whole body up from the heels to the tips of the fingers.
Benefits: It helps in stretching the muscle of the abdomen. It also helps in full oxygen intake by expanding the chest.
3. Hastspadasana (Standing forward bend)
Mantra: Om Surya Namaha
Meaning: the dispelled of darkness responsible for generating activity
How to do: Breathing out, bend forward from the waist keeping the spine erect, exhale completely, and bring the hands down to the floor beside the feet.
Benefits: It stretches the hamstring, open hips, shoulder, and arms. It also makes the waist and spine flexible.
4. Asha sanchalanasana (equestrian pose)
Mantra: Om brainwave Namaha
Meaning: one who illuminates or the brighter one
How to do : Breathing in, push the right leg back, as far back as possible. Bring the right knee to the floor and lookup
Benefits: It helps to strengthen the leg muscles. This pose also benefits in constipation, indigestion, and sciatica.
5. Dandasana (Stick Pose)
Mantra: Om Khagaya Namaha
Meaning: one who is all-pervading, one who moves through the sky
How to do: As you Inhale, take your left leg back and bring the whole body in a straight line.
Benefits: Dandasana strengthens the arms and back and Improves posture. It also stretches the shoulders, chest, and spine and Calms the mind.
6. Ashtanga Namaskara (Salute with Eight Parts Pose)
Mantra: Om Pooshne Namaha
Meaning: giver of nourishment and fulfillment
How to do: Gently bring the knees down to the floor and exhale. Take the hips back slightly, slide forward, rest the chest and chin on the floor. The two hands, two feet, two knees, chest, and chin (eight parts of the body) should touch the floor.
Benefits: Ashtanga Namaskara enhances the flexibility of the back and spine. IT ALSO Strengthens the back muscles and reduces tension and anxiety.
7. Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
Mantra: Om Hiranya Garbhaya Namaha
Meaning: One who has a golden colored brilliance
How to do it: Slide forward and raise the chest up into the Cobra pose. You can keep your elbows bent in this pose with the shoulders away from the ears. Look up at the ceiling.
Benefits: Bhujangasana helps in stretching the shoulders, chest, and back. It also increases the flexibility and elevates mood and invigorates the heart.
8. Ando Mukha Svanasana ( Downward facing dog pose)
Mantra: Om Mareechaye Namaha
Meaning: Give a light with infinite rays
How to do: Exhale, slowly raise your hips, and turn into an inverted V shape. Now, try to push your head and heals down and keep your shoulders back.
Benefits: Andomukha Svanasana strengthen the muscles of the legs and arms and it improves blood circulation, relieves stress, and calms the nerves.
9. Ashwa Sanchalanasana (Equestrian pose)
Mantra: Om Aadityaya Namaha
Meaning: Son of Aditi, The cosmic divine mother
How to do: Exhale and bring your right foot forward between your hands and rest your left knee down to the ground and look up as in step 4.
Benefits: Ashwa Sanchalanasana adds flexibility to leg muscles and it also strengthens the spine and increases lung capacity.
10. Hastapadasana (Standing forward bend)
Mantra: Om Savitre Namaha
Meaning: One who is responsible for life
How to do: Exhale slowly and bend down from the waist while placing your toes aligned to each other and now touch your toes with your fingers as in step 3
Benefits: Hastapadasana opens up the hip, arm, and shoulders and strengthens the knees and thighs. It also stretches the hamstrings.
11. Hastauttanasana (Raised arms pose)
Mantra: Om Arkaaya Namaha
Meaning: one who is worthy of glory and praise
How to do: Inhale and stretch your arms overhead and slowly bend your waist backward.
Benefits: This pose helps to reduce back pain and fatigue. It also stretches and tones the muscles of the abdomen and improves digestion.
12. Tadasana (Mountain Pose)
Mantra: Om Bhaskaraya Namaha
Meaning: Give a pearl of wisdom and cosmic illumination
How to do: Gently exhale, come back to the upright position, and distribute your weight on both feet equally. Relax your shoulder and bring your palm together in a prayer position.
Benefits: Tadasana helps in correcting your posture and improve your balance and it also strengthens your thighs, knees, and ankles.
“Sun Salutation can energize and warm you, even on the darkest, coldest winter day.”- Carol Krucoff
Surya Namaskar is not a religion, it is science. It is an ancient technique that we all should do. It can be done at any time of the day at any pace, having different benefits for the same.
However, it is essential to practice and learn yoga asanas under the supervision of a trained yoga instructor. If you are facing any medical issues we recommend you to practice after consulting the doctor.
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